Archetype: Medusa – The Personification of Anger and Revanchist Retribution
“Anger is an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured.” ~Mark Twain
Medusa, along with her sisters, Euryale and Stheno were daughters of the Titans of the Sea, Porcys and Ceto. The Medusa (Algol) was the younger, the most beautiful and also the only one among the three gorgons that was a mortal.
It is said that they were very wise and they served as priestesses to Athena, the virgin goddess of wisdom. But Poseidon, the sea god, forced himself on Medusa inside of Athena’s temple. Medusa tried to plea her innocence in the face of the actions of the forceful god, but Athena did not accept her pleas. Recognizing herself pregnant, she became vindictive and spiteful about men. Her deep sadness and grief transformed her into something she did not recognize, and she lost forever her privileges as a high priestess of a Virgin Goddess.
Athena turned Medusa and her sisters in horrific beasts with scaly skin, wings and hair made up of coiled snakes. Medusa was the only mortal. All those who were caught looking at her, or looking into her eyes, became petrified. Her bitterness and resentment induced Medusa to live in an isolated cave where she was later beheaded by Perseus.
Two distinct beings came into existence from this creature: Chrysaor and Pegasus; Medusa’s children were born at the moment when Medusa was beheaded. Chrysaor has this name because he was born with a golden sword. He was also the father of Echidna, the terrible monster that was half woman, half snake. Pegasus was a winged horse that Bellerophon accompanied on his adventures.